Interpretation & Calculations
The moving ranges between successive subgroups in an Individual-X Chart (i.e.: the difference between the current observation and the observation immediately prior).
where m is the total number of subgroups included in the analysis and MRj is the Moving Range at subgroup j.
Note: When control limits for the Individual-X chart are defined as fixed values (such as when historical data is used to define control limits), the Average Moving Range (MR-bar) must be back calculated from these pre-defined control limits. This ensures that the control limits on the Moving Range chart are at the same sensitivity as those on the Individual-X chart. In this case:
where d2 is based on n=2.
UCL , LCL (Upper and Lower Control Limit)
UCLMR = + 3d3ÃÆ’x (All Distributions)
LCLMR =MAX(0, - 3d3ÃÆ’x) (All Distributions)
Notes: Some authors prefer to write this as:
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